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Table 1 Clinical and imaging characteristics stratified by history of prior coronary events

From: Incremental value of carotid intraplaque hemorrhage for discriminating prior coronary events

  Negative (n = 93) Positive (n = 66) p value
Clinical characteristics    
Age, years 69.3 ± 8.9 70.2 ± 9.2 0.52
Male sex 75 (81) 59 (89) 0.19
Smoker 79 (85) 61 (92) 0.22
Hypertension 68 (73) 54 (82) 0.25
Hypercholesterolemia 65 (70) 61 (92) 0.001
Diabetes mellitus 25 (27) 18 (27) 0.99
Statin use 48 (52) 54 (82) <0.001
Imaging characteristics   
Maximum wall thickness, mm 4.1 ± 1.4 4.6 ± 1.7 0.035
Maximum percent wall area 71.5 ± 13.4 76.0 ± 11.0 0.028
Percent wall volume 60.2 ± 10.1 65.4 ± 8.9 0.003
% calcification 3.9 ± 5.0 5.5 ± 6.5 0.098
% lipid-rich necrotic core 9.2 ± 11.1 12.8 ± 12.6 0.13
% fibrous tissue 84.6 ± 11.0 78.7 ± 11.9 0.003
Presence of IPH 14 (15) 21 (32) 0.019
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD or count (percentage)
  2. % = percent volume; IPH = intraplaque hemorrhage; SD = standard deviation